Rome, the Eternal City

With tourist season upon us, wouldn’t you like to know a bit more about Rome the Eternal City? Just for when you’re lucky enough to find yourself over here in the boot?!! Well first off, Rome is known as the Eternal City and as Caput Mundi. A Latin word which means capital of the world.

Which seems to stem from the fact that Romans have longed viewed (even back in ancient history) their city as the world’s capital. And during the Roman Empire, Rome was in fact viewd as the world’s capital. It has been Italy’s capital since 1871. 

6 Fun Facts About Rome

1. Rome’s birthday: April 21

Rome celebrates its birthday on April 21. According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC. Archaeology dates it back to 8th century BC (700 BC), with the Etruscan ruins. That makes it about 2800 years old. And Rome is, in fact, one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.

2. Rome and the wolf legend

Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of ancient Rome, were twin grandsons of ancient king Numitor and supposedly fed by a wolf. According to the tale, a conquering king ordered the drowning of the infants in the Tiber River. But the trough in which they were placed floated safely down river, landing at the future site of Rome. There a she-wolf and a woodpecker fed and suckled them until a herdsman named Faustulus found and raised them. After killing the usurper of their throne, the twins went on to the found the town of Rome there on the banks of the Tiber River.

3. The “magic” Trevi fountain

According to popular belief, if you toss a coin into Trevi fountain, you’ll visit Rome again! This belief is so popular that people throw about 3,000 Euro into the waters of Trevi Fountain every day! Money which goes to the city, so beware of taking any, as this action is heavily fined!

4. The catacombs: ancient cemetary

Rome’s catacombs are 13 KM (8 miles) long and contain some 40,000 tombs. Contrary to popular belief, they say the catacombs were not used as hiding places. But rather, because Roman law forbade burial places within city limits, as burial grounds. And that’s a lot of tombs.

5. Rome rests on seven hills

The seven hills of Rome are called: Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal, and Viminal. And all seven of them located east of the Tiber River, and within the city walls.

Tradition has it that Romulus (Rome’s founder) founded the original city on Palatine Hill. And that each hill contained a small settlement. It was only when these settlements began participating in a series of games together that they started uniting. Rome came into being, they say, when these citizens, acting together, drained the marshlands between them, turning them into markets. Unity and cooperation go a long way!!

6. Rome: a Unesco Site

The city center of Rome is a Unesco World Heritage Site. As are also the Holy See (the Vatican and St. Paul’s Basilica). Rome is also home to the Sistine Chapel, and the Coliseum. It is the 14th most visited city in the world. The 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in Italy.

7. The Eternal City

OK, SO I SAID 6 FUN FACTS… BUT WHO’S COUNTING? We could talk all day about the wonders of Rome and not run out of things to say!!

Rome is often called the eternal city because ancient Romans believed that no matter how many empires would rise and fall, Rome would endure forever. Obviously a faulty belief, because the Roman Empire did fall. But the Eternal City still stands, awaiting your visit.It’s a delightful place so come on over!

Ancient Romans believed their city would endure forever. And even though that is impossible, the Eternal City has endured, still stands, and awaits your visit!

Images by our Roman friend Maurizio; all rights reserved.

Published by Signora Sheila

I am a wife, mom, nonna, blogger, and missionary in Italy. But really, I'm just an ordinary woman on a journey, trying to slow down enough to hear the still small voice of God and live for all that is truly important in this world.

12 thoughts on “Rome, the Eternal City

  1. The closest I’ve been to Italy was flying over it on our way to Israel. The sky was clear and I could actually see the boot! That trip was a dream God brought to pass quite miraculously. He could provide a trip to Europe just as easily…who knows?!

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  2. We visited Rome in 2017 (a second visit for me), and my son was absolutely enthralled. I suspect we will visit again as soon as we are able 🙂 Beautiful post! I loved reading more about this beautiful city! ❤

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  3. Oh how I loved Rome! (I’ve missed your posts and guess I have to click onto something so I get them again.) Anyway, I’ve nominated you for the Light of the World award because you are such an inspiration to me as you shine your light over in Italy. (yeah, yeah, twist your arm, 🙂 ) Feel free to post anytime in the future. I just wanted you to know how much I appreciate your strength of character in presenting your testimony to the world! Blessings back my friend,

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    1. Rome… what’s NOT to love, right? And thank you, that is so sweet of you to nominate me for that award. But I’m afraid I will have to decline. I simply don’t have the time to deal with all that’s required for the awards. I can sometimes barely keep up with responding to comments!! But I do appreciate the thought and your warm words of encouragement, thank you!!

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  4. Fascinating. Love the facts about this great city–especially how the settlements on the seven hills came together to become one, working together. Unity is still the way to go!

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